Broad Spectrum refers to a product that contains not only CBD but also naturally occurring cannabinoids in the cannabis plant, like CBN and CBG but does not contain THC. Broad Spectrum products offer all the entourage benefits associated with full-spectrum CBD, without the psychoactive properties of THC.
There are over 100 different cannabinoids in the hemp plant—for example, THC and CBD are two of the better-known cannabinoids. Cannabinoids interact with the receptors of the body’s endocannabinoid system.
Cannabinoid receptors are located throughout the body and are an important part of the endocannabinoid system. This system is involved in a variety of physiological processes, including appetite, pain-sensation, mood, and memory.
CBD is the abbreviation for cannabidiol. It is a non-intoxicating natural compound that’s found in the cannabis plant. Unlike THC, it does not have a psychoactive effect and is being studied for its profound effects on the endocannabinoid system.
CBG is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid. It doesn’t produce the “highs” that are synonymous with THC. Because it is present in low levels (usually less than one percent) in most cannabis strains, CBG is considered a minor cannabinoid.
The cannabinoid type 1 receptor, often abbreviated as CB1, is located in the central nervous system, which consists of the brain and spinal cord. CB1 responds to cannabinoids by initiating change within the body to include relief from pain, nausea, and depression.
The cannabinoid type 2 receptor, often abbreviated as CB2, is located in the peripheral nervous system, which are the nerves located outside of the brain and spinal cord. CB2 receptors are found in the immune system and the gastrointestinal system. They bind to cannabinoids and aid in the regulation of the appetite, immune system and its inflammation, as well as pain management.
Endocannabinoid receptors are the site within the brain and body that allow the cannabinoids to bind.
Endocannabinoid system (ECS)
Discovered in the early 1990s, the endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a biological system that plays a vital role in balancing bodily functions, such as those in the brain, endocrine system, reproductive system, immune system, as well as, stress response and hormone regulation. It is composed of cannabinoid receptors, endocannabinoids, and enzymes.
The entourage effect refers to the concept that plant compounds act synergistically. This means that the compounds work together to provide greater benefits than each compound working in isolation.
Flavonoids are compounds found in plants—most commonly in fruits and vegetables—that help give them vivid color. The three primary flavonoids found in the cannabis plant are quercetin, apigenin, and cannaflavin. Flavonoids are powerful antioxidants with anti-inflammatory and immune system benefits.
The flower on the cannabis plant contains a high concentration of CBD.
Full spectrum refers to a product that contains not only CBD but also naturally occurring cannabinoids in the cannabis plant, such as THC and terpenes. These constituents work together to provide the entourage effect.
Hemp is a cannabis plant that contains low levels of THC (less than 0.3 percent) and higher levels of CBD. The hemp plant’s stalk is fibrous and is often used industrially for clothing and construction, while its seed is highly nutritious and provides large amounts of omegas, vitamins, minerals, and protein. Most of the CBD extracted from the flowers and leaves is referred to as industrial hemp.
Hemp oil is typically extracted from hemp plant seeds through a cold press process. This oil usually doesn’t contain the same cannabinoids and terpenes found in the flowers and leaves.
Industrial hemp is a plant from the cannabis family that contains less than 0.3 percent THC. Industrial hemp is naturally abundant in CBD.
Isolate is CBD in its purest form and refers to the process of isolating CBD from other cannabinoids during the extraction process.
Terpenes are found in many plants and flowers. They provide the aroma and flavor of the oil produced by the plant.
- Hemp can be traced back in history more than 10,000 years. The ancient use of hemp in both medicinal and industrial methods was popular in many countries, including Egypt, Greece, Italy, Russia, and China.
- The US Constitution was written on hemp paper.
- Both President Washington and President Jefferson grew hemp.
- During the 17th century in America, the hemp crop was so valuable that the Assembly of Jamestown Colony passed legislation in 1619, making it mandatory for every farmer to grow Indian hempseed.
- Up until the 1820s, when cotton monopolized industries, more than 80 percent of all clothing, fabrics, and textiles were made from hemp. Hemp was also the main medium used to make ropes, paper, and even construction materials. While today only a handful of companies produce hemp clothing commercially, hemp is durable and comfortable, and its growing appeal to the fashion industry is helping promote legalization.
- In 1938, Popular Mechanics magazine deemed hemp such a valuable cash crop citing that it was a standard world fiber. They went on to say that it was easy to grow and could possibly replace imported materials and manufactured products.
- Americans discovered that hemp’s botanical properties can restore unhealthy soil. Through a process called phytoremediation it can pull out toxins and other pollutants by infusing the soil with nitrogen and other nutrients.
- The word “canvas” is derived from the word “cannabis, made from hemp.” Many well-known artists used hemp canvases for their paintings. Hemp was also often used to make sailing canvas.
- A Tax Act of 1937 began the prohibition of hemp, meaning that American farmers could not grow hemp without considerable tax and licensing regulations. Some historians claim that, back then, the hemp industry was competing against synthetic manufacturing and that William Randolph Hearst and the DuPonts backed the Tax Act in order to promote their investments in synthetics.
- In 1941, Henry Ford created a car made from hemp, soybeans, and plastics.
- During World War II, the US Department of Agriculture filmed a 13-minute video to promote hemp cultivation throughout the United States called “Hemp for Victory”—this campaign was necessary for the country to grow its own hemp, as Japan had cut off its supply. However, the United States Federal Government made hemp illegal in the 1950s.
- Hemp seed oil is as rich in gamma linolenic acid (GLA) as breast milk. It also contains omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids, making it healthier than most types of vegetable oil.
- Hemp walls made for home construction are rot-free, mold-free, pest-free, and fire-resistant—hemp plastics are biodegradable.
- Hemp has such a high carbon-dioxide uptake, it can actually capture emissions and help to reduce our planet’s carbon emissions.
- Hemp can play a pivotal role in just about every industry; it can provide food, fuel, clothes, cars, and even paper. Already, you can buy dozens of products made from hemp.
- Since hemp can be used for just about everything, including paper, it can replace the need for slower-growing trees. Eliminating the need to cut down forests is the best way to protect them, and if countries cultivate hemp, they can use it to make paper and other products made from wood.
- As a source material for paper and building materials, hemp has the power to save the world’s forests. In fact, a single acre of hemp can produce the same amount of paper in one year as four acres of trees.